Common Birds of Bombay (Mumbai)

This is a simple pictorial list of the commonest birds (in my opinion) that one is likely to see in urban Bombay. In greener areas like IIT and the Borivali National Park, one is obviously likely to see many more species.
(hover over the image for a further description or click to go to the Wikipedia page)


House Sparrow
Form & Size: Sparrow 15 cm.
[More or less Brown (all shades)]
Associated Colours: black, chestnut, white

House Crow
Form & Size: Crow 43 cm.
[More or less wholly Black]

Blue Rock Pigeon
Form & Size: Pigeon 33 cm.
[Largely Ashy Grey, Blue Grey or Slaty]
Associated Colours: black, glistening purple and green

Black Kite
Form & Size: Kite 61 cm.
[More or less Brown (all shades)]
Associated Colours: single colour

Rose-ringed Parakeet
Form & Size: Myna 23 cm.
[Prominent tail, Chiefly Green]
Predominant Colours: black, grass green, rose
Associated Colours: black (pink in male), rose
Tail Length in cm.: 23

Red-whiskered Bulbul
Form & Size: Bulbul 20 cm.
[Prominent crest, More or less Brown (all shades)]
Predominant Colours: brown, white
Associated Colours: black, red, white

Red-vented Bulbul
Form & Size: Bulbul 20 cm.
[More or less Brown (all shades)]
Associated Colours: red, white

Common Myna
Form & Size: Myna 23 cm.
[More or less Brown (all shades)]
Associated Colours: white (wing patch)

Asian Koel
Form & Size: Crow 43 cm.
[Prominent tail, More or less wholly Black, More or less Brown (all shades)]
Predominant Colours: black (male), brown (female)
Tail Length in cm.: 20

Purple-rumped Sunbird
Form & Size: Sparrow 15 cm.
[Prominent bill, Several bright colours in plumage]
Predominant Colours: crimson, green, purplish, yellow
Associated Colours: green, metallic crimson, purple, yellow
Length of Bill in cm.: 2.5
Shape & Colour of Bill: curved, black

Oriental Magpie-Robin
Form & Size: Bulbul 20 cm.
[Pied Black and White]

Common Tailor Bird
Form & Size: Sparrow 15 cm.
[Prominent tail, Chiefly Green]
Predominant Colours: olive green, white
Associated Colours: rusty red, white
Tail Length in cm.: 4-8

Indian Pond-Heron
Form & Size: Village Hen 46-76 cm.
[Prominent bill, Long legs, More or less Brown (all shades)]
Predominant Colours: earthy brown, white
Associated Colours: white
Length of Bill in cm.: 6
Shape & Colour of Bill: straight, pointed, brown and yellow, greenish yellow, blue at base
Leg Colour: dull green

Little Egret
Form & Size: Village Hen 46-76 cm.
[Prominent bill, Long legs, More or less White]
Predominant Colours: white
Length of Bill in cm.: 10
Shape & Colour of Bill: straight, pointed, black
Leg Colour: black

White throated Fantail Flycatcher
Form & Size: Sparrow 15 cm.
[More or less Brown (all shades)]
Associated Colours: white

Jungle Crow
Form & Size: Crow 43 cm.
[More or less wholly Black]

Alexandrine Parakeet
Form & Size: Pigeon 33 cm.
[Prominent tail, Chiefly Green]
Predominant Colours: black, grass green, maroon, pink
Associated Colours: black, maroon, pink
Tail Length in cm.: 36

Black Drongo
Form & Size: Bulbul 20 cm.
[Prominent tail, More or less wholly Black]
Predominant Colours: black
Tail Length in cm.: 17

White-breasted Kingfisher
Form & Size: Myna 23 cm.
[Prominent bill, Several bright colours in plumage]
Predominant Colours: blue, brown, chocolate, white
Associated Colours: blue, chocolate brown, white
Length of Bill in cm.: 7.5
Shape & Colour of Bill: straight, pointed, red

Small Bee-eater
Form & Size: Sparrow 15 cm.
[Prominent tail, Prominent bill, Chiefly Green]
Predominant Colours: green, rusty
Associated Colours: black, rusty brown
Length of Bill in cm.: 3
Shape & Colour of Bill: curved, slender, brownish black
Tail Length in cm.: 14

Coppersmith Barbet
Form & Size: Sparrow 15 cm.
[Chiefly Green]
Associated Colours: crimson, yellow

Rufous-backed Shrike
Form & Size: Bulbul 20 cm.
[More or less Brown (all shades)]
Associated Colours: black, grey

Red-wattled Lapwing
Form & Size: Partridge 33 cm.
[Long legs, Pied Black and White]
Predominant Colours: bronze brown
Associated Colours: red lappets, white
Shape & Colour of Bill: orange red and black
Leg Colour: yellow

Asian Paradise-Flycatcher
Form & Size: Bulbul 20 cm.
[Prominent tail, Prominent crest, More or less White]
Predominant Colours: black on head (adult male), chestnut, chestnut (immature), white, white (adult male)
Tail Length in cm.: 20

Indian Golden Oriole
Form & Size: Myna 23 cm.
[Chiefly Yellow]
Associated Colours: black

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